Via Larry Cuban.
So here’s a challenge for every school in this country named after a president, military figure, athlete, civic leader or any prominent person: Commit the coming school year to a close examination of the life and work of your school’s namesake.
. . . Let (students) debate, defend or challenge the merits of their namesake – but from a position of deep, informed conviction.
. . . Agree that the current name must stand until or unless an alternative person – not a street, natural feature or other bland, inoffensive name like Valley View High – is chosen if the current honoree fails to pass muster.
It’s increasingly rare for public schools to be named for people, according to a 2007 paper by Jay Greene and colleagues. It’s easier and safer to choose a name from nature. That’s why Florida has 11 schools named for manatees and only five for George Washington. Arizona has as many public schools are named for the roadrunner as for Thomas Jefferson.
“Unfortunately, such caution betrays public education’s civic mission,” Greene and his colleagues wrote. “To teach civics effectively, we have to affirm that democracy and liberty are superior to other systems of government and that the history of democratic societies – shaped by the leadership of people whose names we should know – reinforces this point.
Is there anyone we can agree to honor?
In David Hunter’s Making History, time travelers visit different historical eras to invent or discover important breakthroughs using the knowledge and resources available at the time. Projects integrate science, math and writing.
Here’s the kickstarter.
Thanks to Darren of Right on the Left Coast for blogging up a storm while I was traveling.
I had a moment in St. Petersburg that reminded me that comprehension depends on knowledge. We were walking along Nevsky Prospect, the main drag, when police cars blocked the road. We saw several jeeps with elderly women leading thousands of young, jovial rollerbladers in red T-shirts with a word in Russian. (Not being able to read Cyrillic was very, very frustrating for me.) Some were carrying the old Soviet flag with the hammer and sickle. Pro-Communist demonstrators? They seemed too young. Then I saw the shirts said “1945.”
I knew the city — then Leningrad — had survived a 2 1/2-year siege during World War II. The Soviet flag had been the country’s flag in 1945, the flag of victory. When I got a wi-fi connection, I asked an app to translate “victory” to Russian. Yep. It was the word on the shirt.
I’m now in Kentucky for a family wedding. I believe the reception is at a bourbon distillery.
Her second graders’ writing was flat, repetitive and dull — until she gave them “an opportunity to build knowledge and way to organize what they’ve learned,” writes Debbie Reynolds, a Nevada teacher, on Core Knowledge Blog.
Before students wrote about America’s westward expansion, she read 10 Core Knowledge “read alouds” on the topic and had students discuss details with classmates and answer comprehension questions.
Students then did an exercise, such as “whole group or individual brainstorming to list key ideas and details, individual or group note-taking, summarizing, or illustrating a scene or idea.”
Reynolds created a graphic organizer to help students build their essay. They wrote as if they were moving west as pioneers — or as displaced Cherokees on the Trail of Tears.
After writing a first draft, students edited their work and showed it to a classmate for peer editing. The teacher met with each student “to offer ideas for revisions and sometimes further editing.”
Finally, students wrote and illustrated a final draft.
For the westward expansion project, each student also made a quilt square.
Reynolds provides excerpts:
My family and I are heading to San Francisco. I am getting there on the Oregon Trail in a wagon. I am going so I can mine some gold and have a better life.
. . . We faced many hardships on our journey. We sometimes broke a wheel going across the dirt. We faced the cold at night. We faced the heat in the desert. We faced danger in the Snake River. We faced ruts in the dirt on the trail.
. . . We felt tired from the long trip and can’t wait to meet new people.
That’s not bad for second graders.
“I get admirable essays, stories, poems and songs from kids AFTER a unit in which I’ve supplied them with knowledge,” writes Ponderosa in the comments. “Then they are good writers ABOUT THAT SUBJECT.”
“The essential ingredient in good writing is knowing,” writes Ponderosa. “Knowing the subject, but also knowing the conventions of English and knowing a good deal of words with which to express what you know about the subject.”
Most student writing is bad because the student has nothing to say, but is obliged to turn in something to a teacher, who is obliged to read it.
Only 18 percent tested as proficient or better in history, 23 percent in civics and 27 percent in geography. About half of students scored at the basic level. The rest did even worse.
The good news is that scores are no worse than in 2010, when the test was last given.
NAEP tested a representative sample of eighth graders in 2014.
Only 45 percent could interpret time differences using an atlas with time zones, notes AP.
Only about a third knew that “the government of the United States should be a democracy” is a political belief shared by most people in the U.S.
While most students said their social studies classes used textbooks, the percentage is falling. More are reading primary sources, such as letters and other historic documents, and viewing online presentations.
Chicago Public Schools will teach an interdisciplinary Latino and Latin American Studies curriculum to all K-10 students, Melissa Sanchez reports for Catalyst Chicago.
“Kindergartners can learn about the Mayan counting system while they’re learning numbers, and fifth-graders can learn about African influences on South American percussion during music class,” she writes.
“The history of Chicago cannot be written without celebrating the contributions of immigrants from Central America, South America and the Caribbean,” CPS CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett said in a district news release.
More than 45 percent of CPS students are Latino.
On The White Rhino, a Chicago English teacher named Ray Salazar called the curriculum well-intentioned but over-simplified.
Chicago already is piloting an African and African American studies curriculum that was released last year.
New Jersey history teachers can learn to use games, play and digital tools through a HistoryQuest Fellowship from the Woodrow Wilson Foundation. Developed with the Institute of Play in New York City, the program helps educators experiment with learning games and assessment tools.
CommonSense Media lists games that teach history.
Teaching History includes a forum titled Games and History: A New Way to Learn or Educational Fluff?
Dividing courses by subject matter — history, biology, chemistry, etc. — is old hat, argues Eric Horowitz on Pacific Standard. Except for English and math, all subjects should be taught as “themes that hold some of the keys to succeeding in modern society,” he writes.
The women’s suffrage movement could be part of a class on Evolution, Horowitz suggests. A class on Justice could include To Kill a Mockingbird.
A class called Evidence could touch on all areas of science, but also history, statistics, philosophy, and psychology.
Human Behavior or Relationships could be organized around novels driven by the relationships between characters, but also include content from biology or chemistry, psychology, and lessons on social-emotional skills.
Even straightforward scientific context from chemistry and physics would be better suited to courses organized around ideas like Cause and Effect or Complex Systems.
Specialization can wait till college, Horowitz believes. In high school, students should be taught how to analyze real and hypothetical situations. “What is happening and why? What might have prevented it? What are the likely consequences?”
Could history or science teachers organize and teach thematic, interdisciplinary courses?
In 1908, Minnesota’s recommended reading list for 7th and 8th graders included Longfellow’s Evangeline and the Courtship of Miles Standish, and works by Washington Irving, Nathaniel Hawthorne, James Fenimore Cooper, Charles Dickens, Robert Louis Stevenson and others, writes Annie Holmquist on Better-Ed. Most of the books were 50 to 100 years old.
She found the 2014 reading list for 7th and 8th graders in Edina, one of the state’s best school districts. Other than Tom Sawyer, The Diary of Anne Frank and Fahrenheit 451, the books were written in the last 20 years.
The 1908 list “is full of historical references and settings which stretch from ancient Greece (Tanglewood Tales) to the Middle Ages (Harold, Last of Saxon Kings) to the founding of America (Courtship of Miles Standish),” Holmquist writes. Children are introduced to classic writers.
The 2014 books touch on “current political and cultural themes such as the Taliban (The Breadwinner), cloning, illegal immigrants, the drug war (The House of the Scorpion), and deeply troubled youth (Touching Spirit Bear).”
In addition, the modern books use simple language and familiar vocabulary, she writes. It’s easy reading.
Nothing But the Truth starts:
Coach Jamison saw me in the hall and said he wanted to make sure I’m trying out for the track team!!!! Said my middle school gym teacher told him I was really good!!!! Then he said that with me on the Harrison High team we have a real shot at being county champs. Fantastic!!!!!! He wouldn’t say that unless he meant it. Have to ask folks about helping me get new shoes. Newspaper route won’t do it all. But Dad was so excited when I told him what Coach said that I’m sure he’ll help.
Evangeline is a more challenging read:
“This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks,
Bearded with moss, and in garments green, indistinct in the twilight,
Stand like Druids of eld, with voices sad and prophetic,
Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their bosoms.
Loud from its rocky caverns, the deep-voiced neighboring ocean
Speaks, and in accents disconsolate answers the wail of the forest.”
Apparently, it wasn’t too challenging for kids in 1908.