Visiting an art museum improved children’s knowledge about art, critical thinking skills, historical empathy and tolerance, concludes a University of Arkansas study. It broadened their minds. Benefits were particularly large for students from rural areas and from high-poverty schools.
Artist: Richard Caton Woodville , 1825 – 1855
When the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art opened in Arkansas in 2011, many school groups wanted to tour.
Researchers created matched pairs among the applicant groups based on similarity in grade level and other demographic factors, and then randomly assigned school groups to receive a tour that semester or at a later time. Students in selected schools took a tour lasting roughly one hour, during which they viewed and participated in discussions about five different paintings.
Asked to write a short essay on a painting they hadn’t seen before, the field trippers “noticed and described more details.”
To measure historical empathy, researchers employed a series of statements and asked students to agree or disagree, including, “I have a good understanding of how early Americans thought and felt.” Tolerance was also measured with statements to which students could express agreement or disagreement, ranging from “People who disagree with my point of view bother me,” to “I think people can have different opinions about the same thing.”
Students who toured on a field trip were more likely than expected to return to the art museum with their family.
More than half of schools throughout the country eliminated planned field trips in 2010–11 according to an American Association of School Administrators survey.