As urban neighborhoods gentrify, “emotionally charged, racially tinged fights over neighborhood school boundaries” are increasing, writes Mike Petrilli. Middle-class parents want a little diversity — preferably racial/ethnic but not socioeconomic — at their child’s school, but not too much.
In Brooklyn, a popular elementary school in gentrifying Park Slope, P.S. 321, is overcrowded. Officials plan to shrink its attendance zone, redistricting some children into a new school that will have more low-income students.
Park Slopers claim to want diversity, writes Naomi Schaefer Riley in the New York Post. That’s why they didn’t move to the suburbs when their kids neared school age. But people in the 10 blocks that will be assigned to the new school are furious.
Too much “socioeconomic diversity will start to affect the quality of their children’s education,” Petrilli writes. Low-income children start school far behind middle-class children.
A similar dynamic is playing out in the nation’s capital. Wilson High and Alice Deal Middle School, located in D.C.’s tony (and baby-booming) Ward 3, enjoyed massive physical-plant updates recently, with their buildings fully refurbished, expanded, and improved. Now affluent parents west of Rock Creek Park are sending their children to those schools in greater numbers than in decades.
. . . The schools are getting crowded, and district officials are looking at shrinking their boundaries to address the problem. (Sound familiar?) The outcome is easy to predict: Students who live further away—who tend to be poorer and of minority races—will be rezoned to other campuses, and the Ward 3 schools will become dramatically less diverse.
Petrilli hopes for way to “create (and maintain) racially and socioeconomically diverse schools” in cities.
Richard Kahlenberg writes about “new hopes for school integration” in American Educator. Economic — not racial — integration matters most, he writes.