(The last) Carnival of Homeschooling

Henry Cate of Why Homeschool, who started the Carnival of Homeschooling, is hosting the 479th and last Carnival of Homeschooling. It’s time, he writes.

Carnival of Homeschooling

The Homeschool Post is hosting this week’s Carnival of Homeschooling.

Carnival of Homeschooling

The new Carnival of Homeschooling is up at Notes From a Homeschooled Mom.

Happy Elf Mom writes about homeschooling an autistic child.

Carnival of Homeschooling

Susan Online is hosting the Pumpkin Spice Edition of the Carnival of Homeschooling.

On Expedition Homeschool, an Australian mother shows her son’s development through photos taken at annual visits to a medieval festival. “Each year I look at the photos and see how much my little warrior has grown and changed.”

A swordsman at 3 and now an archer at 10.

Homeschooling in the city

An estimated 2 million children — about 2.5 percent of school-age kids  — are educated at home. In a look at urban homeschooling in City Journal, Matthew Hennessey provides some history of the movement that I haven’t seen before.

Anne Tozzi teaches her five children in her Yonkers, New York home.

Anne Tozzi teaches her five children in her Yonkers, New York home.

In the mid-1970s, as few as 10,000 children were homeschooled in the United States, mostly in rural areas, he writes. Homeschooling was illegal in 30 states.

Things started to change in 1978, when “the Internal Revenue Service under President Jimmy Carter threatened to revoke the tax-exempt status of Christian day schools that it accused of using religion-based admissions standards to circumvent federal antisegregation laws,” Hennessey writes.

The IRS ultimately caved on its threats, but the evangelicals took a message away from the battle: the federal government—as embodied by the newly established Departmentof Education—was out to get them.

“What galvanized the Christian community was not abortion, school prayer, or the ERA,” Moral Majority founder Paul Weyrich told sociologist William Martin for his book With God on Our Side. “[It] was Jimmy Carter’s intervention against the Christian schools. . . . [S]uddenly it dawned on them that they were not going to be left alone to teach their children as they pleased.”

Backed by the Religious Right, Home School Legal Defense Association lawyers fought a state-by-state battle in the 1980s to remove legal barriers to homeschooling. “By 1993, the practice was legal in all 50 states,” writes Hennessey.

Homeschooling is becoming more secular and urban. Online courseware has made it much easier for parents to educate their children at home.  It’s also easy to network with other homeschooling parents and students.

Anne and Erik Tozzi teach their five children in their Yonkers home. He’s a specialist in medieval history; she’s an art historian and rare-book specialist.

Schoolwork for the Tozzi children, who range in age from two to 14, can mean a day spent at their book-strewn dining-room table discussing Chaucer or a visit to the Museum of Natural History or the Metropolitan Museum of Art in Manhattan.

. . . Last year, the older Tozzi kids worked with students from around the country to write a radio script, which they produced for an all-online course. They took online classes in Latin, religion, and math with teachers based in other cities. They used Skype for live class lectures and to communicate with other students for their projects. . . .  The younger children used Skype for a weekly “Story Time” with a teacher.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 28 percent of homeschoolers are urban, 34 percent suburban and 31 percent live in rural areas.

 

Carnival of Homeschooling

Home Spun Juggling is hosting this week’s Carnival of Homeschooling, which has a journey theme. “There are so many paths to take,” writes Cristina. “No matter which way we go, we will see something interesting.”

I Am Willing to Waste my Time teaching things that my child may not use, writes Beth on As He Leads is Joy.

Gypsy Road discusses different homeschooling styles in A Homeschool Story — Stylistic Approaches.

California moves toward vaccine mandate

Rhett Krawitt, 7, who could not be vaccinated while he was being treated for leukemia, speaks to lawmakers in April in support of a bill requiring more children to be vaccinated. (Rich Pedroncelli / Associated Press)

Rhett Krawitt, 7, who could not be vaccinated while he was being treated for leukemia, speaks to lawmakers in April. Photo: Rich Pedroncelli / Associated Press

California’s legislature has passed a bill requiring parents to immunize their children before entering child care or school. The new vaccination mandate removes exemptions for religious or personal beliefs, retaining only medical exemptions confirmed by a physician.

Parents could decline to vaccinate children educated at home, reports the Los Angeles Times.

Mandatory vaccination violates parental rights, said Assemblyman Mike Gatto, a Glendale Democrat. “The broadness of this bill likely dooms it from a constitutional standpoint,” he said, accusing the state of “infringing on the rights of children to attend school.”

If Gov. Jerry Brown signs it — it’s likely but not certain — it will be challenged in court.

Carnival of Homeschooling

Mama Squirrel is hosting the Carnival of Homeschooling — the Retirement Edition — at Dewey’s Treehouse.

Homeschooling up by 62%

The number of homeschooled students increased by 61.8 percent from 2003 to 2012, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Nearly 1.8 million children were homeschooled.  

More educated parents are more likely to teach their children at home. An estimated 1.6 percent of students whose parents earned a high school diploma or less are homeschooled. That rises to 2.2 percent of students whose parents have some post high school training or education, 2.4 percent of children of college graduates and 2.5 percent of those whose parents earned a graduate or professional degree are homeschooled.

In addition, homeschooling parents are disproportionately white, married, middle class and living in rural areas.

Let boys be boys

“Rather than being appreciated for the future explorers, warriors and leaders they were designed to be, boys are viewed as defective little girls,” writes Rhonda Robinson on PJ Media. “What is the real trouble with boys? Well, simply put, they are not girls.” 

Robinson homeschooled five girls — and then two boys. She discovered there’s a difference. “In my house ADD is considered a personality type, not a mental disorder,” she writes.

As a homeschooler, she could spend her boys outside to play when they couldn’t concentrate. Schools can’t do that. Robinson also blames feminist ideology. “Boys with uniquely masculine strengths, once prized, are no longer valued. In fact, these traits of boyhood are considered dangerous, even pathological.”