Financing the Education of High-Need Students from Fordham recommends ways for districts and states to fund high-need, high-cost special education students.
For example, multi-district co-operatives allow for economies-of-scale and better service-delivery.
Weighted student funding provides more money to districts with more high-need students. “Basing those weights on services needed by children rather than disability diagnoses significantly improves the accuracy of this system,” notes the report.
Exceptional-needs funds serve as insurance for districts with one or two very high-cost students.