Teachers will assign more complex, challenging reading — if they follow Common Core standards, concludes a Fordham analysis of what students are reading now.
Currently, many teachers try to assign books that match their students’ reading skills, especially at the elementary level. Common Core calls for assigning grade-level reading and giving students extra help to understand it.
In trying to improve reading comprehension, schools made a tragic mistake: they took time away from knowledge-building courses such as science and history to clear the decks for more time on reading skills and strategies. And the impact, particularly on our most disadvantaged students whose content and vocabulary gap is so great, has been devastating.
Teachers are assigning “relevant” and “easily digested books” in hopes of getting students to read, according to Common Core in the Schools.
. . . classic literature has, in many classrooms, been replaced by popular teen novels (often made into movies) such as The Hunger Games and Twilight. Indeed, the former, according to Renaissance Learning . . . became the most widely read book in grades 9-12 following its theatrical release in 2012. Yet it is pegged at a fifth-grade reading level.
The most-assigned books are Because of Winn-Dixie, Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, and To Kill a Mockingbird, the Fordham survey finds. Martin Luther King’s Letter from a Birmingham Jail also is assigned frequently.
“Across all grade levels…there was a tendency to err on the side of lower-level books,” says Fordham’s Kathleen Porter-Magee.
In fourth and fifth grade, students should read texts with a lexile range of 740 to 1100, according to Common Core. Four of the top 10 books are below that level, including Sarah, Plain and Tall.
Middle-schoolers should be reading texts in the 950 to 1185 range, according to Common Core. Seven of the 10 most popular books for this age group aren’t challenging enough. (Is John Steinbeck’s The Pearl really an elementary book?)
Ninth- and tenth-graders should be reading texts with a lexile range of 1050 to 1335, the new standards say. Five of the 10 most popular books don’t meet that level of difficulty. (I guess To Kill a Mockingbird and Huckleberry Finn often are read in earlier grades. I took a “look inside” The Book Thief, which allegedly has a lexile rank too low for fourth graders. It’s not Dick, Jane and Sally.)
Fifty-one percent of teachers surveyed — all in states that have adopted Common Core standards — said they’d made little or no change to their teaching as a result of the new standards.