I posted this on Britannica Blog last week and promised to post it here. Voila:
The rich get richer and the poor get pregnant, they used to say. Not so, reports NPR: There’s a baby boom among the wealthy.
. . . in the past 10 years, the number of high-end earners who are having three or more kids has shot up nearly 30 percent.
Some say the trend is driven by a generation of over-achieving career women who have quit work and transferred all of their competitive energy to baby making.
They call it “competitive birthing.”
On Reason Magazine’s Hit & Run, Ronald Bailey brags that he was writing about trophy kids 10 years ago when the wealthy already were more prolific.
So, you’ve got the beach house compound on Nantucket, the 63-foot Hinckley sailboat, the corporate jet, the nanny, and the gardener; and your stay-at-home spouse with the advanced academic degree heads up the local United Way campaign. What other acquisition might serve your high economic and social status? How about having some more kids?
Once seen as free farm labor, modern children are a costly luxury for the middle class, requiring child care, dance lessons, tutoring, summer camp, enriching travel and private college. But once income climbs above $250,000 a year, family size increases, Bailey found.
These added kids provide many opportunities for status signaling. Wealthy parents can talk endlessly at the country club about the costs of Maine summer camps, high-school semesters abroad, little Andrew’s sailing trophies, and what hunt Sarah rides with regularly. And of course, there are schools and universities. Did they prep at St. Albans or Choate? How well are they doing at Harvard, Yale, or Middlebury? Being able to provide lavishly for a large number of children shows that you’ve really got it made.
In tougher times, the well-to-do raised more children to adulthood than the poor. Economic historian Gregory Clark theorizes that England developed the social capital needed for the Industrial Revolution because most people were descended from successful families. From the New York Times:
â€œThe modern population of the English is largely descended from the economic upper classes of the Middle Ages,â€ (Clark) concluded.
As the progeny of the rich pervaded all levels of society, Dr. Clark considered, the behaviors that made for wealth could have spread with them. He has documented that several aspects of what might now be called middle-class values changed significantly from the days of hunter gatherer societies to 1800. Work hours increased, literacy and numeracy rose, and the level of interpersonal violence dropped.
Imagine our society dominated by the descendants of today’s rich. Bill Gates, OK. Paris Hilton, please no.
I was born in the middle of the Baby Boom, when you didn’t have to be rich to afford lots of kids. I remember coming home from high school to tout Zero Population Growth.
“We have four children,” my mother said.
“Yes, but I’m the second,” I said.