Single female science professors progress more quickly toward tenure than single men, a new National Bureau of Economics Research study concludes. However, women who have children progress more slowly, while men who marry and father children advance more quickly.
We find that in science overall, there is no gender difference in promotion to tenure or full professor after controlling for demographic, family, employer and productivity covariates and that in many cases, there is no gender difference in promotion to tenure or full professor even without controlling for covariates. However, family characteristics have different impacts on women’s and men’s promotion probabilities.
Marginal Revolution calls it the “politically incorrect paper of the month.”
It’s the structural sexism, stupid, says Matt Yglesias. The game is set up for singles and men who’ve got wives at home to care for the kids. It’s not the science department’s fault; it’s society.
At least 10 years ago, I wrote a column on research involving women in business. Same thing. Single women earned more than single men; marriage depressed women’s earnings and elevated men’s earnings. For women, marriage tends to mean less focus on career and more on family and children. For men, marriage tends to mean working harder to support children and a wife who may be working part-time or in a job that gives her more family time.