The U.S. Supreme Court will decide whether school districts can consider race ito maintain racial balance in school enrollments.
In one of the cases, an appeals court had upheld Seattle’s system, which lets students pick among high schools and then relies on tiebreakers, including race, to decide who gets into schools that have more applicants than openings. Seattle put the system on hold during the legal fight.
In the Louisville, Kentucky case, a parent is challenging a policy that requires black enrollment no lower than 15 percent and no higher than 50 percent.
Many school districts with open enrollment factor in race and ethnicity in deciding who gets to transfer where. Often the system favors whites, who tend to be in short supply; at other times, minorities get in-demand spots in schools that attract more than their quota of whites.